Four Cases of Supposed Multiple Personality Disorder: Evidence of Unjustified Diagnoses

 

case study on multiple personality disorder

There are many famous dissociative identity disorder (DID) cases, probably because people are so fascinated by the disorder. While DID is rare, detailed reports of DID have existed since the 18th century. Famous cases of dissociative identity disorder have been featured on the Oprah Winfrey show, in. The Osiris Complex: Case Studies in Multiple Personality Disorder [Colin Ross] on tondzisq.gq *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The purpose of this book is to provide understanding of the relationship between childhood trauma and serious mental illness. Dr Colin RossCited by: Mar 23,  · Although dissociative identity disorder (DID), the most severe of the dissociative disorders, has retained its own diagnostic entity since its introduction in the DSM-III, cases of DID are rarely seen in South and East Asia, likely due to the higher prevalence of Author: Ilbin Kim, Daeho Kim, Hyun-Jin Jung.


Dissociative Identity Disorder Cases: Famous and Amazing | HealthyPlace


Also referred to as multiple personality disorder, a condition in which a person's identity dissociates, or fragments, creating additional, distinct identities that exist independently of each other within the same person.

Persons suffering from dissociative identity disorder DID adopt one or more distinct identities which co-exist within one individual.

Each personality is distinct from the other in specific ways. For instance, tone of voice and mannerisms will be distinct, as well as posture, vocabulary, and everything else we normally think of as marking a personality. There are cases in which a person will have as many as or more identities, while some people only exhibit the presence of one or two.

In either case, the criteria for diagnosis are the same. This name was abandoned for a variety of reasons, one having to do with psychiatric explicitness it was thought that the name should reflect the dissociative aspect of the disorder. The first being the presence of two or more distinct "identities or personality states. The person must exhibit aspects of amnesia—that is, he or she forgets routine personal information.

And, finally, the condition must not have been caused by "direct physiological effects," such as drug abuse or head trauma. Persons suffering from DID usually have a main personality that psychiatrists refer to as the "host. It is usually this personality that seeks psychiatric help.

Psychiatrists refer to the other personalities as "alters" and the phase of transition between alters as the "switch. That is, men can have female alters and women can have male alters. The physical changes that occur in a switch between alters is one of the most baffling aspects of dissociative identity disorder.

People assume whole new physical postures and voices and vocabularies. Case study on multiple personality disorder study conducted in found that in 37 percent of patients, alters even demonstrated different handedness from the host.

Statistically, sufferers of DID have an average of 15 identities. The disorder is far more common among females than males as high as 9-to-1and the usual age of onset is in early childhoodcase study on multiple personality disorder, generally by the age of four.

Once established, the disorder will last a lifetime if not treated. New identities can accumulate over time as the person faces new types of situations. For instance, as a sufferer confronts sexuality in adolescencean identity may emerge that deals exclusively with this aspect of life.

There are no reliable figures as to the prevalence of this disorder, although it has begun to be reported with increased frequency over the last several years. People with DID tend to have other severe disorders as well, such as depressioncase study on multiple personality disorder abuse, borderline personality disorder and eating disordersamong others. In nearly every case of DID, horrific instances of physical or sexual child abuse—even torture—was present one study of DID patients found that 97 had suffered child abuse.

It is believed that young children, faced with a routine of torture and neglect, create a fantasy world in order to escape the brutality. In this way, DID is similar to post-traumatic stress disorderand case study on multiple personality disorder thinking in psychiatry has suggested that the two disorders may be linked; some are even beginning to view DID as a severe subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder. Treatment of dissociative identity disorder is a long and difficult process, and success the complete integration of identity is rare.

A study found that of 20 patients studied, only five were successfully treated. Current treatment method involves having DID patients recall the memories of their childhoods. Because these childhood memories are often subconscious, treatment often includes hypnosis to help the patient remember.

There is a danger here, however, as sometimes the recovered memories are so traumatic for the patient that they cause more harm. The stories of two women with multiple personality disorders have been told both in books and films, case study on multiple personality disorder. A woman with 22 personalities was recounted in in a major motion picture staring Joanne Woodward and in a book by Corbett Thigpen, both titled the Three Faces of Eve.

Twenty years later, inCaroline Sizemore, the 22nd personality to emerge in "Eve," described case study on multiple personality disorder experiences in a book titled I'm Eve. Although the woman known as "Eve" developed a total of 22 personalities, only three could exist at any one time—for a new one to emerge, case study on multiple personality disorder, an existing personality would "die.

The story of Sybil a pseudonym was published in by Flora Rheta Schreiber, who worked closely for a decade with Sybil and her New York psychiatrist Dr. Cornelia B. Sybil's sixteen distinct personalities emerged over a period of 40 years. Both stories reveal fascinating insights—and raise thought-provoking questions—about the unconscious mind, the interrelationship between remembering and forgetting, and the meaning of personality development, case study on multiple personality disorder.

The separate and distinct personalities manifested in these two cases feature unique physical traits and vocational interests. In the study of this disorder, scientists have been able to monitor unique patterns of brainwave activity for the unique multiple personalities. There is considerable controversy about the nature, and even the existence, of dissociative identity disorder. One cause for the skepticism is the alarming increase in reports of the disorder over the last several decades.

Incase study on multiple personality disorder, the disorder [then known as multiple personality disorder] got its official listing in the DSM, and suddenly thousands of cases are springing up everywhere. Many experts dealing with memory say that it is nearly impossible for anyone to remember things that happened before the age three, the age when much of the abuse supposedly occurred to DID sufferers. Regardless of the controversy, people diagnosed with this disorder are clearly suffering from some profound disorder.

As Helen Friedman, a case study on multiple personality disorder psychologist in St. Louis told Insight on the News, "When you see it, it's just not fake.

Arbetter, Sandra. Sileo, Chi Chi. Sizemore, case study on multiple personality disorder, Chris Costner. I'm Eve. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, The Three Faces of Eve [videorecording]. Produced and directed from his screenplay by Nunnally Johnson. Originally released as motion picture in Further Reading Arbetter, Sandra.

Mesic, Penelope. Sybil [video recording]. Thigpen, Corbett H. The Three Faces of Eve. New York: Popular Library,

 

The Borderline Patient - A Case Study | HealthyPlace

 

case study on multiple personality disorder

 

There are cases in which a person will have as many as or more identities, while some people only exhibit the presence of one or two. In either case, the criteria for diagnosis are the same. This disorder was, until the publication of DSMIV, referred to as multiple personality disorder. This name was abandoned for a variety of reasons, one. Jun 28,  · Dissociative Identity Disorder: A Case Study. Introduction. In the following paper, I will present a young woman who I believe is suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). In addition, I will give a description of DID, its etiology, and its epidemiology. Lastly, I will present information which I believe supports the diagnosis of DID. There are many famous dissociative identity disorder (DID) cases, probably because people are so fascinated by the disorder. While DID is rare, detailed reports of DID have existed since the 18th century. Famous cases of dissociative identity disorder have been featured on the Oprah Winfrey show, in.